Most of the population will experience foot pain at some point during their life’s journey. Keep in mind that the foot bears the entire weight of the body and is our foundation. Foot injuries can be difficult to recognize because the foot is so unique and has so many parts. At Foot Solutions we want you to understand how your foot can be injured and how to prevent it.
- The list of injuries that can be characterized as foot injuries is quite extensive.
- Sprains to the feet and ankles are considered foot injuries
- Overall pains in the feet are characterized as foot injuries
- Straining the foot and ankle muscles can be considered a foot injury
- Foot bone fractures are foot injuries Foot muscle cramping is a foot injury
- Edema, swelling of the feet and ankles caused by injury, is known as a foot injury
- Plantar fasciitis is a very common foot injury that results in heel pain
- Achilles tendonitis is also a common foot injury affecting the Achilles tendon
Causes: Many foot injuries are caused by ill-fitting and inappropriate shoe selection and poor foot function (overpronation and oversupination). You may be surprised to learn that a lot of technology and expertise goes into the shoe-making process. Because feet come in such a vast array of shapes and sizes and because we live in a self-serve world, most people are not wearing the proper sized shoes and often choose shoes that are not designed for the activity for which they are being used. Wearing the wrong size can lead to bunions, hammer toes, neuroma’s (painful nerve damage), heel and ball-of-foot pain, poor circulation, corns, calluses, excessive foot perspiration and blisters. Wearing shoes that are not designed for a specific activity can lead to injury. One example would be using motion control running shoes to play tennis. In this example, the shoes are very specifically designed to stop feet from moving side to side to help reduce over pronation (excessive inward rolling of the foot) in running. Yet, tennis involves a significant amount of side to side movement. Using this type of running shoe for tennis puts the wearer at risk for a serious ankle sprain, knee injury or worse. Additionally, feet that aren’t functioning properly can experience excessive stresses on joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments. This often leads to injury. Other common causes of foot injury include:
- Wearing the wrong size shoes
- Wearing shoes that are not designed for the specific activity
- Underlying medical conditions
- Inherited foot conditions
- High impact exercise and activities
- Occupational work related stress
Treatment: Wearing appropriately selected and correctly fitted shoes and arch supports can help eliminate so many foot problems. Feet can change in size and with weather and temperature changes (they get smaller when it is cold, larger in the heat). Size and shape can differ during activity and with age, weight gain, pregnancy or prolonged increased activity. Get properly fitted by a footwear fitting expert (pedorthist) to ensure that your shoes fit, and are appropriate for your lifestyle and activity. Properly fitted shoes can alleviate pain and reduce the risk of future injury. Be fitted for a high quality arch support. There are lots of products out there that tout their ability to support your foot. Most of these products have minimal arch support, rely on self-serve pressure mapping kiosks and other gimmicks that do little to identify and address the specific needs of your feet. A true fitting professional, who understands the anatomy, pathology and biomechanics of feet and gait, as well as the proper fitting of arch supports and shoes (and how they interact with each other) can provide you with the optimal combination of support and comfort to ensure you recover and reduce risk of future injury. Arch supports:
- Improve foot function
- Increase athletic endurance
- Take pressure off of the heel and ball of the foot
- Support the plantar fascia (a tissue on the sole of your foot that is commonly irritated or injured).
Reduce stresses on the ankles, feet, knees, hips and back Align the entire the musculoskeletal structure allowing muscles, tendons and other structures to be in a better functioning position. Arch supports are available both over-the-counter and custom made. Over-the-counter arch supports can be very effective for some people. As feet come in all shapes and sizes, over-the- counter arch supports may not adequately support some feet. Custom arch supports are made to the exact contours of each unique foot and are designed for the specific activities and footwear types of each person. They can be made for a wide variety of shoes including sandals (even some flip flop/thong styles), clogs, dress and athletic shoes. When necessary, be fitted with additional foot accessories such as heel cups, gel toe caps, metatarsal pads and various splints to alleviate pain and reduce stress on injured areas.
Foot Solutions Products:
- Custom-fitted, custom-crafted arch supports (orthotics)
- Over-the-counter arch supports (orthotics) Heel cups
- Gel toe caps Metatarsal pads Splints
- Hammer and claw toe relief
- Toe separators and straighteners
Visit a Foot Solutions fit expert today for a free digital foot assessment, consultation and treatment recommendations for effective non-invasive solutions